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In , Sir Thomas Gray, a Northumbrian knight and constable of Norham castle , was ambushed and captured by the Scots. Imprisoned in Edinburgh castle. 13 Sep Abstract. Sir Thomas Gray’s Scalacronica is almost unique amongst medieval English chronicles in having been written by a knight, and it is. Thomas Gray in the ‘ Scalacronica,’ and now trans lated by the Right Hon. Sir Herbert Maxwell, Bart., continued. THE King being eager for arms and glory, and .

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As those who had the King’s rein were thus scalaconica him always forward, one of them, Giles de Argentin, a famous knight who had lately come over sea from the wars of the Emperor Henry of Luxemburg, said to the king: They planned his destruction while he was serving the King in the Scottish war.

To purchase short term access, please sign in to your Oxford Academic account above. You could not be signed in. This page was last edited on 29 Juneat His advanced guard was encamped a league distant in a hamlet. scalcaronica

Sir Thomas Gray’s Scalacronica: a medieval chronicle and its historical and literary context

Views Read Edit View history. Robert de Bruce caused all the castles of Scotland, except Dunbarton, to be dismantled. This conspiracy was discovered by Murdach of Menteith, who himself became earl afterwards. Sir Thomas Gray’s Scalacronica: Deposit Guide Policies About. Peres Lebaud, a Gascon knight, was Sheriff of Edinburgh, from whom the people of Thomas Randolph, Earl of Moray, who had besieged the said castle, took it at the highest part of the rock, where he suspected no danger.

At the same period the said James de Douglas, with the assistance of Patrick, Earl of March, captured Berwick from the English, by means of the treason of one in the town, Peter de Spalding. The enemy spurred out from their ambush before the gates of acalacronica said castle, so doing because they well knew that he Sir Thomas had gone forth.

Sir Thomas Gray, Scalacronica, – | The English Historical Review | Oxford Academic

John Comyn, at that time Guardian of Scotland, was in the forest of Ettrick with a great force of armed men, perceiving the presence of the said Hugh at Melrose in the village, attacked him by night and broke open scalacronjca gates, and, while the English in the abbey were formed up and mounted on their horses in the court, they [the Scots?

Abstract Sir Thomas Gray’s Scalacronica is almost unique amongst medieval English chronicles in having been written by a knight, and it is therefore surprising that so little work has been done on it; this thesis attempts to remedy that omission. The constable, Roger de Horsley, lost there an eye by an arrow. Purchase Subscription prices and ordering Short-term Access To purchase short term access, please sign in to your Oxford Academic account above.

The said King Edward planned an expedition to these parts, where, in [attempting] the relief of the castle of Stirling, he was defeated, scaoacronica a great number of scalacronics people were slain, [including] the Earl of Gloucester and other right noble persons; and the Earl of Hereford was taken at Bothwell, whither he had beaten retreat, where he was betrayed by the governor.


But soon after the death of the father, the son caused the said Piers to be recalled suddenly, and made him take to wife his sister’s daughter, one of Gloucester’s daughters, and made him Earl of Cornwall.

Scalacronica – Wikipedia

They directed their course boldly upon the English army, which had been under arms all night, with their horses bitted. May I deny my God if I do not rescue your person, alive or dead, or perish in the attempt! This James de Douglas was now very busy in Northumberland. The said William betook himself to Norham, where, within four days of his arrival, Sir Alexander de Mowbray, brother of Sir Philip de Mowbray, at that time governor of Berwick, came before the castle of Norham with the most spirited chivalry of the Marches of Scotland, and drew up before the castle at scalacronkca hour of noon with more than eight score men-at-arms.

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The King of Sca,acronica undertook scarcely anything against Scotland, and thus lost as much by indolence as his father scalacrnoica conquered; and also a number of fortresses within his marches of England, as well as a great part of Northumberland which revolted against him.

The English squadrons being thrown into confusion by the thrust of pikes upon the horses, began to flee. It would be wearisome to tell the story of the less [important] of his combats in the said castle. Once on the vigil of St. Sign in via your Institution Sign in.

Don’t already have an Oxford Academic account? John [Perth] for the use of Robert de Bruce from William Oliphant, captain [thereof] for the King of England, being at that time an adherent of his [Edward’s], although shortly after he deserted him, the said Robert marched scqlacronica force before the castle of Stirling, where Philip de Moubray, knight, scalacfonica command of the said castle for the King of England, made terms with the said Robert de Bruce to surrender the said castle, which he had besieged, unless he [de Moubray] should be relieved: While the, said advanced guard were following this road, Robert Lord de Clifford and Henry de Beaumont, with three hundred men-at-arms, made a circuit upon the other side of the wood towards the castle, keeping the open ground.

Adam Banaster, a knight bachelor of the county of Lancaster, led a revolt against the said earl by instigation of the King; but he could not sustain it, and was taken and beheaded by order of the said earl, who had made long marches in following his [Banaster’s] people.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Then he described their condition, and pledged his head, on pain of being hanged and drawn, that if he [Bruce] would attack them on the morrow he would defeat them easily without [much] loss. The knight mounted a beautiful charger, spurred forward, [and] charged into the midst of the enemy, who struck him scalacromica, wounded him in the face, [and] dragged him out of the saddle scalacrpnica the ground.

You do not currently have access to this article. When they [the enemy] rose from the ground, they perceived the grooms of the said Thomas coming up in good order, and began to fly to a dry peat moss which was near, wherefore almost all [the others] began to fly to the moss, leaving their horses for their few assailants.


The young fellows of the garrison rashly hastened to the furthest end of the town, which at that time was in ruins, and began to skirmish. Furthermore, both the father and son were prominent in the administration of the Marches, so the Scalacronica has an obvious – but hitherto unrecognised – relevance to current historiographical debates on the role of the gentry.

The King’s charger, having been piked, could go no further; so he mounted afresh on a courser and was taken round the Torwood, and [so] through the plains of Lothian.

King Edward marched forward and kept the feast of Christmas [] at Linlithgow, then rode throughout the land of Scotland, and marched to Dunfermline, where John Comyn perceiving that he could not withstand the might of the King of England, rendered himself to the King’s mercy, on condition that he and all his adherents should regain all their rightful possessions, and they became again his [Edward’s] lieges; whereupon new instruments were publicly executed.

The Scalacronica starts with a well known literary dream sequence in which Gray names some of his written sources. This article is also available for rental through DeepDyve. However, a close analysis of Gray’s text reveals that while he admired and respected acts of martial heroism, his attitude to the trappings of fourteenth-century chivalric culture was highly disdainful, and even cynical.

They [the English] mounted in great alarm, for they were not accustomed to dismount to fight on foot; whereas the Scots had taken a lesson from the Flemings, who before that had at Courtrai defeated on foot the power of France. Then he told him how the enemy had blocked the narrow roads in the forest. Therefore, in order to obtain the King’s grace and pardon for this offence, Neville began to serve in the King’s war, wherein he died.

Scalacronica. Translated by Sir Herbert Maxwell. (Mac- Lehose and Sons,

The castles of Roxburgh and Edinburgh were captured and dismantled, which castles were in the custody of foreigners, Roxburgh [being] in charge of Guillemyng Fenygges, a knight of Burgundy, from whom James de Douglas captured the said castle upon the night of Shrove Tuesday, the said William being slain by an arrow as he was defending the great tower.

The said Peter became Scots in the service of Robert de Bruce, who afterwards accused him of treason, and caused him to be hanged and drawn. This Robert de Bruce caused William de Soulis to be arrested, and caused him to be confined in the castle of Dunbarton for punishment in prison, accusing him of having conspired with other great men of Scotland for his [Robert’s] undoing, to whom [de Soulis] they were attorned subjects, which the said William confessed by his scalwcronica.