Fungi developing on dung samples, from a wide range of locations and incubated in moist chambers, were recorded. Highly significant differences were found. Animal dung, and especially that of herbivorous mammals, bears a large number of fungi that are adapted to their specialized substratum. Various adaptations. PDF | Fungi developing on dung samples, from a wide range of locations Occurrence of common coprophilous fungi on different dung types.
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Mycological Research, in press Van Brummelen, J. March 14, ; Accepted: A widespread but overlooked species, recorded from Peru in Van Brummelen, Selected fugni annotated M in the records below has been placed in the Herbarium of the Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh.
Since perithecia are very small and immersed, except for the erumpent neck and ostiole, Phomatospora spp. The basidiospores are intermediate in size between those of C. The fruiting bodies of the fungi then grow from the animal feces. All the contents copropnilous this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License.
Ascomycetes, coprophilous fungi, diversity, species richness.
Coprophilous fungi from Brazil
Secondary appendages difficult to see, either in the ascus or on free spores, but the short simple apical appendage had a fibrillose appearance, rather like the illustration of P. The spores themselves survive digestion by being particularly thick-walled, allowing them to germinate in the dung with minimum competition from other organisms.
The mean species richness of Paraphyses with yellowish contents, very slightly clavate. Saccobolussmooth or very minutely verrucose, truncate, Samples were incubated for up to10 wk, with observations continuing whilst new fungi were being observed. The Bird’s Nest Fungi. University of Toronto Press. During a visit to Brazil inseven samples of herbivore dung were collected from the Bonito and Pantanal do Rio Negro areas Matto Grosso do Sul and incubated, on return to the U.
Krug Macroscopically similar to S. The fungi then flourish in the feces, before releasing their spores to the surrounding area. Spore mass x 9.
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Coprophilous fungi release their spores to the surrounding vegetation, which is then eaten by herbivores. Mycological Research, in press.
This page was last edited on 5 Januaryat The hardy spores of coprophilous species are unwittingly consumed by herbivores from vegetation, and are excreted along with the plant matter. This is the commonest Coprinus species developing on dung worldwide when incubated in moist chambers, and is characterised by its bright white veil of globose cells and small x Cap with sphaerocysts and setules, the setules ampullate at the base, but not capitate.
The coprophilous fungi that developed were recorded. Most were dry when collected, and were placed in paper envelopes. Ascospores seriate, Paraphyses with yellow contents. Thirty-two species of coprophilous fungi were recorded from seven dung samples collected from the state of Matto Grosso do Sul, Brazil, and incubated in moist chambers.
Traverso Perithecial necks with asymmetrically arranged tapering tufts of setae, composed of fascicles of non-inflated hyphae. Descriptions of some of the more interesting fungi are given, and aspects of their biodiversity and ecology are discussed. On balance these features suggest an atypical S.
Spores ellipsoid, x 3. Lanatuliwith a veil of long-celled inflated hyphae.
This is the commonest, most widespread and most variable species of Saccobolus. Fruiting bodies were removed and mounted in water for examination at higher magnification.
Fungi by adaptation Copprophilous organisms. Details of the fungi found from the collection of samples are provided and discussed, together with some aspects of the diversity and species richness of the dung habitat in a small area of Brazil. Australian National Botanic Gardens.
Coprophilous fungi – Wikipedia
America, but I have not found any other records from Brazil or S. Superficially like a large C. Some spores had a single basal secondary appendage at the tip of the primary appendage, but other spores were seen with short secondary appendages that appeared to be attached laterally fingi the primary appendage. Retrieved from ” https: Limited material of a large-spored species that could not be named. Services on Demand Journal.
That study used cumulative species curves to fkngi the species richness of an area or substrate by calculating the number of species expected to be recorded from a standard number 50 of samples of dung. Fruiting bodies of Pilobolus will suddenly rupture, sending the contents over 2 metres away. Stroma dark brown-blackish, thinly clavate, 8.